Greek Wine Jug

Age: 400 BC

Condition: Excellent

Size (cminches): 13 x 13 x 22


   FREE shipping

Buy Now

Item information


Sand coloured pottery single handled jug. Black painted glaze with white, cream and red painted decoration round middle and neck. Flat strap type handle with shaped in top lip of jug.

History & Provenance

Athenian era. Ancient Greek Gnathian Ribbed Oinochoe An Ancient Greek terracotta oenochoe from the South Italian Apulian region. Glazed entirely with black pigment. Grape decoration in yellow ochre decorates the neck, whilst vertical ribs adjourn the majority of the belly. A thick handle leads from the rim to the middle of the jug. The entire vase rests on a small foot. Date: Circa 3rd century BC Provenance: Private collection, F.B.A. Collection acquired by descent Condition: Very good. The clay (keramos) to produce pottery (kerameikos) was readily available throughout Greece, although the finest was Attic clay, with its high iron content giving an orange-red colour with a slight sheen when fired and the pale buff of Corinth. Clay was generally prepared and refined in settling tanks so that different consistencies of material could be achieved depending on the vessel types to be made with it. Greek pottery was invariably made on the potter's wheel and usually made in separate horizontal sections: the foot, the lower and upper body, the neck, and finally the handles, if necessary. These sections were then joined together with a clay 'slip' after drying and it is possible in many cases to see the prints of the potter impressed on the inside of the vessel. The piece was then put back on the wheel to smooth the join marks and add the final shaping. Therefore, all vases were unique and the small variations in dimensions reveal that the use of simple tools and not cut-out templates was the norm. Next, the pot was decorated. This process depended on the decorative style in vogue at the time, but popular methods included painting the whole or parts of the vase with a thin black adhesive paint which was added with a brush, the marks of which remain visible in many cases. This black paint was a mix of alkali potash or soda, clay with silicon content, and black ferrous oxide of iron. The paint was affixed to the pot by using a fixative of urine or vinegar which burned away in the heat of the kiln, binding the paint to the clay. Another technique, used more rarely, was to cover the vessel with a white clay paint. Alternatively, only lines or figures were added in black using a thicker version of the black paint mentioned above and applied with a stiff brush or feather; in consequence, a slight relief effect was achieved. Minor details were often added with a thinned black paint giving a yellow-brown colour, a white pipe-clay, and a dark red of ochre and manganese. The latter two colours tended to flake off over time.

Want to know more about this item?

We are happy to answer any questions you may have about this item. In addition, it is also possible to request more photographs if there is something specific you want illustrated.
Ask a question

Share this Page with a friend